The challenges linked to the use of primitive means of cooking that rely on solid fuels is multifaceted. Women and children are the most vulnerable to this hazard given their propensity to higher exposure levels to the fumes. In-door air pollution can cause a myriad of diseases such as ischaemic heart disease, child pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer. About 50 % of the pneumonia linked child mortality has been attributed to exposure to particulate matter (soot) inhaled from household air pollution. Globally, about 4 million die from illness caused due to household air pollution each year.
There is a pressing need to find innovative and affordable solutions to enable safer and energy efficient cooking. To address this challenge, we have embarked on a collaborative project with CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) an Institution of Government of India, to devise an effective solution towards tackling household air pollution through cost effective and energy efficient mud stoves. We aim to upgrade the existing models of mudstoves through a scientifically guided approach to improve thermal efficiency and control emissions.